Ultimately, Sawyer reveals that indigenous struggles over land and oil operations in Ecuador were as much about reconfiguring national and transnational inequality—that is, rupturing the silence around racial injustice, exacting spaces of accountability, and rewriting narratives of national belonging—as they were about the material use and extraction of rain-forest resources. Doing so may reve This book masterfully narrates the struggles between indigenous social movements, the Ecuadoran state, and the multinational energy company Arco in the context of oil exploitation in Ecuador. Explorando la forma como el desarrollo de Otavalo ha generado un conjunto de recursos comunes, anclados en una plaza de mercado, argumentamos que la mejor manera de comprender esta economía es como un espacio cultural. Mientras que la competencia se relaciona con conocimientos prácticos individuales, la ventaja competitiva requiere de cooperación, con el fin de mejorar factores subyacentes que beneficien a grupos de firmas en su conjunto. This rich text is an ideal resource for undergraduate and graduate courses on new ethnographies of Latin America.
We argue that participation in the extraction sector has not enabled effective participation and has instead been used to pave the way for expanding the extractive frontiers. As the source of this oil, the Ecuadorian Amazon has borne the far-reaching social and environmental consequences of a growing U. Complicating matters, governments often bind natural resource extraction to economic development platforms intended to improve quality of life in impoverished communities, particularly in Latin America. Based on the qualitative analysis of in-depth interviews with activists and organisational documents, the article probes the underlying causes of rupture. I highly recommend Crude Chronicles for anthropologists and others interested in indigenous politics, neoliberalism, oil, the environment, development, social movements, and the nation-state. Rather than treating these concerns as mere tools of the populist political agenda, we view them as moments of resistance to the asymmetry between accumulation and dispossession in Mongolia, a central outcome of twenty-five years of the neoliberal regime.
As the source of this oil, the Ecuadorian Amazon has borne the far-reaching social and environmental consequences of a growing U. The objectives of this paper are twofold: First, to present a scenario of future deforestation as result of expanding the oil frontier in the Ecuadorian Amazon until the year 2030. Human actions have pushed planetary systems beyond their normal range of operation, bringing forth a new geological epoch of its own making. Doing so may reveal the spectacle that is neoclassical economics, divorced from the reality that is corporate exploitation and globalization. Authors, most of whom are practitioners, investigate grassroots methods for collaboratively designing and developing low-cost monitoring tools, crowdsourcing data analysis, and imagining ways of redressing toxicity outside of the idioms of science. Disaster capitalism is typically defined as a systematic and opportunistic reconfiguration of economies and economic regulations in service of capitalist interests under the cover of environmental crisis. She does so in engaging, straightforward, and convincing prose that, although it helped me understand a complex political situation, also meant I did not have to work very hard to do so.
Her perspective was especially interesting since she came from a family involved in the petroleum industry. But two more open-pit gold operations are scheduled to open this year, and several other companies have announced discoveries of industrial-scale deposits. D to find this a great read This is a failed ethnography. In addressing the history of this eco- tourism-extraction nexus, Smith 2014 explains how oil firms including Dutch Shell, French Perenco, and Canadian Ivanhoe alienated local communities not on the basis of environmental degradation, but rather on the basis of the firms' ability to provide sustainable economic devel- opment. This article asks these questions in the context of a popular mobilisation against resource extraction in Bangladesh. We focus on how questions about extraction and burial are posed and deliberated through maps and models.
Contrary to the majority of Latin American countries that have nation-state projects concentrated in one specific region, Ecuador and Bolivia are the only exceptions. However, rarely has the relationship between the two been researched. It asks: How does social media facilitate conversations on what constitutes a national resource? At the same time, she follows the multiple maneuvers and discourses that the multinational corporation and the Ecuadorian state used to circumscribe and contain indigenous opposition. The term 'community' as it is used in this article is not a historically continuous, immutable term. The best feature of the book is the lovingly detailed descriptions and close-to-the-ground analysis of dialogue and events.
In oil-dependent nations, the governance of national oil reserves and the redistribution of oil rents are often widely-perceived as moral endeavours, necessary for achieving a minimum just distribution of resources. The case of Ecuador provides insight into the distinguishing role the state can play in resisting neoliberal development and in effect decentering global capitalism. This article explores the role of bodily knowledge in witnessing industrial contamination and struggles for environmental justice. Ecuador is the third-largest foreign supplier of crude oil to the western United States. This article commends ontologists for bringing greater attention to the crucial role of spirits in many people's lives and for their efforts to gain deeper understandings of different realities. Monographs and edited volumes predating this text have thus far examined extraction within narrow conceptual windows, including global energy politics, capitalism, and climate change Baer and Singer 2008;Behrends, Reyna, and Schlee 2011;Crate and Nuttall 2009;Kirsch 2014; Strauss, Rupp, and Love 2013. Against the backdrop of mounting government attempts to privatize and liberalize the national economy, Suzana Sawyer shows how neoliberal reforms in Ecuador led to a crisis of governance, accountability, and representation that spurred one of twentieth-century Latin America's strongest indigenous movements.
From this lens, cases of local opposition are not interpreted as selfish forces blocking a low-carbon transition, but instead, are understood as political instances that enable a wider discussion about the ways such transition should take place. Ultimately, Sawyer reveals that indigenous struggles over land and oil operations in Ecuador were as much about reconfiguring national and transnational inequality-that is, rupturing the silence around racial injustice, exacting spaces of accountability, and rewriting narratives of national belonging-as they were about the material use and extraction of rain-forest resources. Our account extends the existing literature by providing a fine-grained and systematic analysis of divisive undertakings and their sociocultural and sociopolitical consequences in neo-extractivist Bolivia. Our anthropologist son, who just returned from being in Ecuador for 10 months, kept us supplied with reading material about the indigenous people. We also analyse the resistance process against the mine in the El Pangui canton, carried out by an alliance of small-scale livestock farmers of mestizo origin and indigenous Shuar population, and finally we discuss how ethnicity is articulated in relation to this conflict, and emerges as a core element of the political strategy of resistance.
Ultimately, this paper challenges the state's rationality of using mining as a strategic activity for a post-neoliberal agenda while limiting Ecuador's ability to transition towards a plurinational state. Core countries, including the United States, and global financial institutions have exerted an unmatched power to define and implement neoliberal policies, globally. This paper tries to shed light into how the development of new oil concessions impact land associated environmental services. It also describes social media as sites on which the politics of claim-making produce the social mediation of oil as a commonwealth in Nigeria. Neoliberal, economic globalization is often equated with the insecurities of market competition. This paper illustrates the strong links between road building and deforestation, where even small amount of road construction can have large effects on land cover.