They do so by preserving the critical emphasis on literary form, while increasing exponentially the quantity of text one is able to analyze. Distant reading emphasizes looking for patterns and rules that a human reader would probably miss and doing so over a larger collection of works than a person could realistically read. Her research interests include early American literature and culture, food studies, media studies, and the digital humanities. In presenting them here Franco Moretti reconstructs his intellectual trajectory, the theoretical influences over his work, and explores the polemics that have often developed around his positions. That is, we are doing the same thing as Google, only within the framework of one subject. Moretti has pioneered a new practice called distant reading, which is the opposite of close reading. Yeah, I can see that he was always tilting against close reading, but it is pretty much a footnote to Wallerstein with a sprinkling of a fairly naive evolutionary theory thrown in.
There are, of course, other things we can do better to connect the project of distant reading to the project of structural critique. لنبدأ بمدرسة الأنال التاريخية التي احتذى بها موريتي في نظريته هذه. For most students and teachers, understanding literature involves close reading. But those models that are increasingly necessary—lest we inadvertently reinscribe the same power relations that we intend to critique. He is interested in explaining how forms move, and why it appears that a select few gain global dominance. On the one hand, he clearly sees quantitative literary history as a part of the study of history more generally, the academic field of study.
Indeed, this project of critiquing power and working towards justice is the most pressing project of our time. Best of all, if after reading an e-book, you buy a paper version of Distant Reading. Moretti has recently edited a five-volume encyclopedia of the novel, entitled Il Romanzo 2004 , featuring articles by a wide range of experts on the genre from around the world. I feel deeply for his victims. This has traditionally led to many interesting and complex theories about literature, but what if there is another way? Franco Moretti and his wife, Teri Reynolds This idea is born from the fact that there are simply too many books for anyone to read and study seriously. إنه شيء مستفز وشائك، ومتطرف نوعا ما، بل وربما واعد في بعض جوانبه على الأقل، ويجب تلقيه حاليا كهذا فقط حتى تتم عملية تشريح أكبر له ومحاولة تطبيق عملية. Because the view from a distance, is, of course, as much a view from a particular place as a view from up close.
There, he founded the Stanford Center for the Study of the Novel. His recent work is notable for importing, not without controversy, quantitative methods from the social sciences into domains that have traditionally belonged to the humanities. On its own, that information is little more than a piece of trivia. Making the possibility of saying anything final about the book is its twists and turns in acknowledging disagreements without really responding to any of them. As many as 60,000 other novels were published in 19th-century England — to mention nothing of other times and places.
At the time, they were key contributions in the emergence of the new field of digital humanities. I have quibbles with some of his generalizations about genres, world literature, and so forth, but his ability to ask interesting questions and in the process, to change the shape of literary studies is admirable. . It is not just that Moretti wants his arguments to rest solidly on facts, but that he wants to promote a more substantial collaboration in literary studies — one driven by the confirmation and refutation of findings. In presenting them here Franco Moretti reconstructs his intellectual trajectory, the theoretical influences over his work, and explores the polemics that have often developed around his positions. What such claims imply is an older and alternate justification for formal study of literature: namely, one ought to analyze works formally because it is their form that gives them their value as art. What this book really feels like is a fascinating journey through different fields of knowledge.
There are many ways that this interrelation can be manifested, and structural power reinforced. Indeed, Moretti often mistakes metaphor for fact. The last two chapters on formal analysis using network theory and title analysis are much more interesting. By describing it a structural problem, Ahmed calls attention to how sexual harassment is sustained not only by the harassers themselves, but also by the institutions that shelter them. What this book really feels like is a fascinating journey through different fields of knowledge.
But if we re-commit ourselves to the project of exposing and interrogating power, we could arrive at a form of distant reading that is much more capacious, and much more inclusive, than what we have at the present. Moretti is playful and quite brilliant; my guess is that he resembles alot his brother - both are bright and, while being at it and being serious , don't feel exhausting - but gripping. Many ideas arose; Moretti isn't always right. At the same time, authors started writing shorter titles. In this spirit, Distant Reading is structured as a dialog between Moretti and his critics.
They are charting the frequency with which words like 'poverty reduction,' governance,' and others appear in those reports. Marisa Parham, Alan Liu, and Ted Underwood were the other speakers. From the Trade Paperback edition. Moreover, in explaining his method, Moretti is admirably engaged with his opponents. Although they adopted a more sociological approach to literature in the late 1920s, their initial theoretical model for literary evolution came from the study of spoken language, specifically dialectology. Needless to say, though, his methods and interests, spanning over 20 years of achievements and intellectual passion, are of great importance. I feel deeply for his victims.
Moretti's Literary Lab is currently examining World Bank reports from 1946 to 2010. But it is surely the theology of the 21st century. What can it tell you about what's being written today? Moretti hints at two possible answers over the course of the book, but—significantly—they are somewhat in tension. This flaw leads to workplace environments that are unwelcoming if not outright hostile to women and other minoritized groups. Hence the 4 stars: not because I agree with his ideas because I don't, with many of them , but because I really enjoyed reading the book, and it made me think. ولكن لا يجوز القول أن نظريته ليست معنية بالنقد الأدبي فعلا كأعمال فردية بقدر ما هي معنية بتاريخ الأدب وكيف تنشأ النصوص وكيف تتطور وكيف تتكامل، فمن وجهة نظره لا يمكن الفصل بين هذين، لا يمكن قراءة العمل الأدبي من دون قراءة السياقات التي تدرجت منه ونشأت فيه. They even make the same joke about the Roman goddess of childbirth.