When, in the summer of 1953, Moore was ill, he began to turn inward in his work, showing a willingness to experiment and to follow private concerns. His work was enthusiastically introduced by sculptor , but it aroused violent in the press and made Moore a figure. Moore later taught at the College and met Irina Radetsky, whom he married in 1929. These so-called shelter drawings 1940 ff. At the end of his second year at Leeds School of Art, Moore passed the sculpture examination and was awarded a Royal Exhibition scholarship to study at the Royal College of Art in. In 1977 he established the Henry Moore Foundation to encourage wider enjoyment and opportunities in the arts. As a schoolboy Moore showed a talent for art but was encouraged to train as a teacher first.
He was also carving a variety of subjects in stone, including half-length female figures, mother-and-child groups, and masks and heads. Sylvester who, in consultation with the artist himself, has selected the and , shows by his arrangement of the exhibition how, step by step, Moore has shaped his own road, now moving on to a new period, now recapitulating in his classical theme of the reclining figure, which culminates in the bronze figure commissioned by the Arts Council for the Festival of Britain. This long-overdue exhibition will include examples of preparatory studies and ideas for sculpture, prints, studies and copies of works by artists Moore admired from Picasso to El Greco, Rembrandt and the French Impressionists , studies of the human figure, animals, the landscape and the weather, portraits, designs for textiles and magazine covers, and a large representation of Moore's more famous drawings — the two series in which he chronicled wartime Britain. Over time, Moore developed outbuildings into studios and Irina created beautiful gardens. Evoking both the natural world and the human body simultaneously in his work, Moore created a picture of humanity as a powerful natural force. He was urged to resign his position at the Royal College of Art, and, when his contract expired in 1932, he left to start a sculpture department at the Chelsea School of Art, also in London. His favored themes include mother-and-child and family groups, fallen warriors, and, most characteristically, the reclining human figure, which he continued to depict throughout his career, working in wood, stone, and—after 1950—in bronze, and later in marble.
In his final years Moore established an unostentatious way of living, and two or three young sculptors helped him with the more laborious and time-consuming activities entailed in sculpting. Throughout the 1930s Moore displayed in his work not the slightest inclination to please the public. Original Publication: Picture Post - 1970 - Henry Moore - Sculptor - pub. He was discovering for himself the power and beauty of , , and, later, and African sculpture. He also became a printmaker, executing hundreds of etchings and lithographs from the late 1960s to the early 1980s, including notable series such as Elephant Skull Album 1969 , Stonehenge 1972 , and Sheep Albums 1972 and 1974. I saw hundreds of Henry Moore figures stretched along the platform.
In Britain Moore fulfilled several commissions that extended the range and scale of his work: family groups for the new towns of , Hertfordshire, in 1948, and Harlow, Essex, in 1954—55; Three Draped Standing Figures in stone 1947—48 for Battersea Park, London; a Madonna for St. Summary Henry Moore was the most important British sculptor of the 20 th century, and the most popular and internationally celebrated sculptor of the post-war period. Henry Moore was born in Castleford in Yorkshire, on July 30, 1898. He was very interested in drawings and paintings of the late 1920s, which have strong sculptural , and he felt free to distort and break up the forms of the body in a much more radical way than before. Later, leading European modernists such as , , and became influences.
Henry Moore is considered the most prominent British sculptor of the 20th century, and his work had a strong influence on contemporary figural sculpture. But Surrealism also shaped his mature style. Find out more about Henry Moore's life by exploring the chapters below. Much of his work is monumental, and he was particularly well-known for a series of reclining nudes. Thus, the Lincoln Center sculpture is the largest of a series of multipart reclining female figures in which Moore makes use of symbolic correspondences between the body and such elements of landscape as cliffs, caves, and hillsides, and between the body and organic forms, particularly human and animal bones.
In 1977 Moore created the Henry Moore Foundation to promote art appreciation and to display his work, and in 1982 the Henry Moore and Centre for the Study of Sculpture opened in the city of Leeds. Robin Smith Photography, New South Wales In 1928 Moore was given his first one-man exhibition, at the Warren Gallery in London, and he began his first public commission, a carving of the North Wind on the new headquarters building for the London Transport Board. Sometimes he seemed to leave the human figure behind altogether. Inspired by Michelangelo, Moore began modeling in clay and wood at his school in Castleford, where several of his siblings had attended and to which he had been granted a scholarship. This piece may have been inspired by an illustration of ancient Greek tools, though Moore has said it may equally have come from his interest in armor, or from a remark made by the artist and writer Wyndham Lewis, about cutting into a lobster and finding it soft inside its hard shell.
Despite this, he lived frugally; most of the money he earned went towards endowing the Henry Moore Foundation, which continues to support education and promotion of the arts. One of the largest collections of Henry Moore sculptures, drawings, and prints is owned by the Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto. The figure is also one of the earliest instances of Moore's use of the reclining figure, a motif that would be central to his mature style. He was soon joined by a young student from nearby Wakefield, , who also became a major sculptor. It encouraged his love of biomorphic forms, and also suggested how the human figure could be fragmented into parts and reduced to essentials. His interest in the landscape, and in nature, has encouraged the perception that he has deep roots in traditions of British art, yet his softly optimistic, redemptive view of humanity also brought him an international audience. The seventh of eight children of a mining engineer and homemaker, Moore was encouraged by his often financially struggling father to pursue higher education and a white collar career.
The driving spirit behind Unit One was the painter , but the leading members were Barbara Hepworth and her painter husband,. His forms are generally pierced or contain hollow spaces. Moore found a good friend and lifetime supporter in the director there, , who was not unsympathetic to modern artistic tendencies, although he remained a artist himself. As well as sculpture, Moore produced many drawings, including a series depicting Londoners sheltering from the Blitz during the Second World War, along with other graphic works on paper. He collapsed and was sent back to England for hospital treatment and convalescence.