Its argument and method were each rebuttals to a long line of non-numeric historical arguments that had ascribed much to expansionary effect to railroads without rigorous reference to economic data. When the bodies of children are deprived of the nutrients they need to grow, brain development is also unlikely to reach its full potential, so these larger, better-off people may also have been smarter, further adding to economic growth and speeding up the virtuous circle. This collection of essays by Nobel laureate Robert W. Upon his graduation he found himself with a love for literature and history and aspired for a career in science, but due to an extreme pessimism about the economy in the second half of the 40s, he shifted his interest towards economics. Fogel married Enid Cassandra Morgan, an African American woman, in 1949 and had two children. Since 1955, the British public health scientist had developed a theory that the growth of population since the 18th century can be attributed to a decline in mortality from infectious diseases, largely to a better standard of living, particularly to better nutrition, but later also to better hygiene, and only marginally and late to medicine.
Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press. Second thoughts on the European escape from hunger: famines, chronic malnutrition, and mortality rates; 4. He began his research career as an assistant professor at the in 1960. McKeown's views, updated to modern circumstances, are still important today in debates between those who think that health is primarily determined by medical discoveries and medical treatment and those who look to the background social conditions of life. Afterword: a conversation with the author. Dr Fogel was the joint winner with Douglass North of the Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences in 1993. .
Register a Free 1 month Trial Account. This contradicted the argument of earlier Southern historians. Reckoning with Slavery: A Critical Study in the Quantitative History of American Negro Slavery. Trends in physiological capital: implications for equity in health care; 5. In fact, Fogel objected to slavery on moral grounds; he thought that on purely economic grounds, slavery was not unprofitable or inefficient as previous historians such as had argued.
The conclusion that railroads were not indispensable to economic development made a controversial name for cliometrics. Dr Fogel explains how the basic findings of the anthropomorphic approach to historical analysis have helped reinterpret the nature of economic growth. He does not write so much on what he had already established in his previous work, and instead focuses on how such an economically efficient system was threatened and ultimately abolished. Fogel pointed out that the absence of railroads would have substantially increased transportation costs from farms to primary markets, particularly in the Midwest, and changed the geographic location of agricultural production. Fogel on the theory and measurement of ageing and health-related variables.
Second thoughts on the European escape from hunger: famines, chronic malnutrition, and mortality rates; 4. Explaining Long-Term Trends in Health and Longevity is a collection of essays by Nobel laureate Robert W. After graduation in 1948, he became a professional organizer for the. Secular changes in American and British stature and nutrition; 3. The potential for substitute technologies, such as a more extensive canal system or improved roads, would have further lowered the importance of railroads. The problem is that once you have gotten your nifty new product, the explaining long term trends in health and longevity fogel robert w gets a brief glance, maybe a once over, but it often tends to get discarded or lost with the original packaging. Changes in disparities and chronic diseases through the course of the twentieth century; 6.
Strategic Factors in the Nineteenth Century American Economic History: A Volume to Honor Robert W. In 1964 he moved to the as an associate professor. Changes in disparities and chronic diseases through the course of the twentieth century; 6. Better nutrition enabled people to grow bigger and stronger, which further enabled productivity to increase, setting up a positive synergy between improvements in incomes and improvements in health, each feeding off the other. Some criticisms mistakenly considered Fogel an apologist for slavery. Explaining Long Term Trends In Health And Longevity Fogel Robert W can be very useful guide, and explaining long term trends in health and longevity fogel robert w play an important role in your products. Secular changes in American and British stature and nutrition; 3.
Nationality Field School or tradition Alma mater Doctoral advisor Academic advisors Influences Awards 1993 1975 at Robert William Fogel ; July 1, 1926 — June 11, 2013 was an and scientist, and winner with of the 1993. He was educated at , where he majored in history with an economics minor, and became president of the campus branch of , a organization. In 1975 he left for , and from 1978 on he worked as a research associate under the in. He advised many students who went on to become prominent economic historians, so that many economic historians in the United States trace their academic lineage to him. Examining the transportation of agricultural goods, Fogel compared the 1890 economy to a hypothetical 1890 economy in which transportation infrastructure was limited to wagons, canals, and natural waterways.
This portion of Time on the Cross created a firestorm of controversy, although it was not directly related to the central argument of the book — that Southern slave plantations were profitable for the slave owners and would not have disappeared in the absence of the Civil War. In 1981 he returned to the University of Chicago, where he directed the newly created at the. Some common problems in analysis and measurement; 7. Dr Fogel explains how the basic findings of the anthropometric approach to historical analysis have helped reinterpret the nature of economic growth. His main point ultimately comes across, though, as he explains how a small group of very vocal and committed religious reformers led the fight against slavery until it became a political force that captured the attention of the President of the United States.
Trends in physiological capital: implications for equity in health care; 5. From 1968 to 1975 he was also a visiting professor at Rochester in autumn semesters. According to Engerman and Fogel, slaves in the American South lived better than did many industrial workers in the North. Taller, bigger people lived longer, and better nourished children were less likely to die and better able to ward off disease. Dr Fogel analyzes historic data on height, health, nutrition and life expectation to provide a clearer understanding of the past, illustrate the costs and benefits of using such measures and note the difficulties of drawing conclusions from data intended for different purposes. In it he very clearly spells out a moral indictment of slavery when he references things such as the high infant mortality rate from overworked pregnant women, and the cruel slave hierarchies established by their masters. Despite this consideration, the overall increase in transportation costs, i.