I'm pretty happy with a small collection of family photos so far, none of them 'worth' anything, except a couple of zillion bucks to me. Indeed, it would seem that the one subject with which the direction of naval affairs had never concerned itself was the subject of making war. . The steam frigates Colorado, Merrimac, Minnesota, Niagara, Roanoke, and Wabash and the steam sloops-of-war Brooklyn, Dacotah, Hartford, Iroquois, Lancaster, Michigan, Narragansett, Pawnee, Pensacola, Seminole and Wyoming were relatively new ships, having been built since 1855. They had no authority over the work of building the iron-clads, although constantly urged to hurry their completion. The Union went on to build 50 more Monitor-class ironclads, which were invaluable to combat on rivers and at sea.
Charleston, New Orleans, and Hatteras Inlet were the principal centers of privateering operations. Three of the privateers were captured,-the Savannah by the brig Perry, the Petrel by the frigate St. The Tennessee, being still on the stocks at Memphis when Davis's fleet descended the river, was burnt where she lay. Description: Naval Battles of the Civil War, written by acclaimed Civil War historian Chester G. He had shown great intelligence and zeal in the second relief-expedition to Fort Sumter, where he acted in a semi-private capacity, and Mr. The Union quickly met this challenge with the ingenuity of inventor John Ericsson.
This fleet was an important element in the military situation in Virginia in 1864-65, though never brought into decisive action. This is a high quality and accurate model of the Hunley. Drawing less than two feet of water, they could go almost anywhere, and with their howitzer batteries, and their light, bullet-proof plating, they were efficient vessels for clearing the river-banks of field batteries and sharp-shooters. Nine were laid up in ordinary, and with the traditional methods prevailing at the Navy Department, it would have taken some months to fit them out for sea. Old ships were filled with stones and sunk in blocking positions around Southern harbors to buy time for the engineers rushing to lay down a new fleet of warships. Less well known, however, is that the Hunley was not alone under the waters of America during the Civil War.
To come up with this much iron, the Confederacy began scrapping old items to build the ship. So I did a little digging to see where the word Corvette came from. Events proved his concerns to be well-placed. Three of them, the Tuscumbia, Indianola, and Chillocothe, were side-wheel casemate iron-clads, carrying a somewhat thicker plating than the earlier boats and a much more formidable armament, but owing to poor and hasty workmanship they were occasionally found unequal to the demands that were made upon them. This book is about the men who fought under these conditions and the highly improvised boats in which they fought. In May 1861, Confederate forces, now in control of the navy yard, raised the partially burned frigate and began converting the ship into an armored vessel, or ironclad. The author provides historical details that include actions fought, damage sustained, prizes taken, ships sunk, and dates in and out of commission as well as information about when the ship left the Navy, names used in other services, and its ultimate fate.
The most important were the Jamestown and the Yorktown afterward the Patrick Henry at Richmond; the Selden at Norfolk; the Beaufort, Raleigh, Winslow, and Ellis, screw-tugs plying on the Chesapeake and Albemarle Canal; the side-wheel passenger boats Seabird and Curlew, in the North Carolina Sounds; the Nashville at Charleston, and the Everglade at Savannah. In a way, the ironclad design did what it was supposed to do, protect the ship from damage. The also played a role during the Civil War, sinking a few ships. The close-hauled line ahead, the order of battle for two hundred years and more, gave place to the direct attack in line abreast. Newspapers on both side of the Mason Dixon Line were quick to print the first battle in history between two iron-armored steam-powered warships.
Before they left, they set fire to the seven Civil War ships left at the yard, attempting to make them unusable to the enemy. Because of this, it missed a lot of the testing that would have normally been done on its weapon systems. Welles entered upon his office no steps were taken, even of the most elementary character, toward procuring iron-clads. This feature increased their maneuverability, which when coupled with their shallow draft, made them ideal for operating inshore amid the sounds and shoal waters of the Confederacy. Bulloch resided in England as the Confederate naval agent, and his skill and enterprise resulted in the acquisition of the Florida, Alabama, Georgia and Shenandoah, all of which made successful commerce-destroying cruises.
The Union and Confederate Navies In order to understand the condition of the United States navy in 1861, it is necessary to glance at the state of affairs during the twenty years before the war. Wierd book for a kid to have gotten hooked on but The Cruel Sea was a re-read for me as soon as I was old enough to thumb through a fat book, no idea why. The latter, being dependent upon the wind for their motive power and direction, could not attack an enemy end-on, and hence the ram became useless. While the Confederate Navy was moderately successful at commerce raiding, it never provided an adequate coastal defense or broke the Union blockade. The Battle of Hampton Roads was an American Civil War battle fought at the meeting point of three rivers very close to Chesapeake Bay.
There seems to have been a total want of information at the central office of administration in reference to the existing demands of naval war, and the measures necessary to put the machine into efficient operation. The Soviet Union, on the other hand, supported their Republican counterpart with military advisors, officers and some equipment. The single-turreted monitors which saw the most service were those of the Passaic class, most of which were stationed in the South Atlantic Squadron. Welles had at one time been connected with the Navy Department, having been the civil chief of the Bureau of Provisions and Clothing from 1864 to 1849, he was in no sense a naval expert, and he was obliged to rely upon others for expert advice and assistance in his office. Though these boats obtained some degree of success Torricelli torpedoed Miguel de Cervantes , they could never exploit their full potential by evident reasons of International policy. The Union navy grew by 600% to meet the demands of the war.
On December 30, 1862, off of the Outer Banks of North Carolina, the Monitor encountered a bad storm. To overcome this disadvantage, the Confederacy decide to pursue the construction and purchase of ironclads as a way to gain some sort of naval advantage. But in the end, it was the Union navy that won some of the war's most important strategic victories--as an essential partner to the army on the ground at Fort Donelson, Vicksburg, Port Hudson, Mobile Bay, and Fort Fisher, and all by itself at Port Royal, Fort Henry, New Orleans, and Memphis. In the bicentennial year of Lincoln's birth, it offers a memorable portrait of a side of his presidency often overlooked by historians. Each gun weighed approximately 16,000 pounds. As there was no system of retirement, and as promotion for many years had been made solely on the basis of seniority, the upper part of the list was filled with officers who had grown too old for active service, but who nevertheless felt that their position entitled them to important commands at sea, or to high places in council or in administration.
The newly rebuilt superstructure was unusual: above the waterline the sides sloped inward and were covered with two layers of heavy iron-plate armor. For these duties most of them were peculiarly unfitted. We, however, do not hesitate to express the opinion, notwithstanding all we have heard or seen written on the subject, that no ship or floating battery, however heavily she may be plated, can cope successfully with a properly constructed fortification of masonry. This was a great advantage over other ships, which had to be steered so that their guns pointed in the correct direction of the target. Nope, not ocean breezes, mai tais and tropical beaches kind of do not care it's Pearl Harbor I've always, always wished to see. As the naval material was not on a respectable peace-footing, and as no provision had been made for its conversion to a war-footing, the measures adopted for its increase were chiefly makeshifts to which the Government was driven by the exigencies of the moment.